Rotavirus is the most common cause of severe diarrhea among children under the age of 5 years.  According to the World Health Organization (WHO), approximately 527,000 children throughout the world died from rotavirus in 2004, with approximately 85% of those deaths occurring in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. In 2009, WHO recommended inclusion of rotavirus vaccination in all national immunization programs.

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No Adoption of rotavirus vaccine by U.S. physicians: Progress and challenges
Sean T. O’Leary, Umesh D. Parashar, Lori A. Crane, et al

Pentavalent rotavirus vaccine (RV5) was recommended for routine use in 2006 followed by monovalent rotavirus vaccine (RV1) in 2008.

Yes Intussusception incidence among infants in the UK and Republic of Ireland: A pre-rotavirus vaccine prospective surveillance study
Lamiya Samad, Mario Cortina-Borja, Haitham El Bashir, et al

Intussusception, an abdominal emergency in young children, has been linked to a previous vaccine used to prevent rotavirus gastroenteritis....

Yes Rotavirus vaccines WHO position paper: January 2013 – Recommendations
Meeting Report

This article presents the World Health Organizations (WHO) evidence and recommendations for the use of rotavirus vaccination from the WHO position...